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The end of English Aquitaine and the Middle Ages...

The Battle of Castillon puts an end to the Hundred Years’ War: to three centuries of Aquitaine possession by the English crown and thereafter allows the constitution of the kingdom of France.
The Turks' conquest of Constantinople ends the Christian presence in the East and the last Byzantine artists and erudite scholars take refuge in Italy.
Gutenberg's printing invention leads to an unprecedented revolution: culture is accessible to more people and allows ideas and knowledge to spread.
Historians therefore agree to consider this key period as the end of the Middle Ages...